Rails 4 FlashHash Upgrade Gotcha

We upgraded an application from Rails 3 to Rails 4 this week and came across an interesting gotcha which I haven’t seen documented anywhere.

As we rolled out the Rails 4 version of the app we split the traffic between the upgraded Rails 4 app and our existing Rails 3 app. Some of the requests to Rails 3 app failed with the following exception:

Production NoMethodError: undefined method `sweep' for {"discard"=>[], "flashes"=>{"just_switched"=>true}}:Hash

Error Message: NoMethodError: undefined method `sweep' for {"discard"=>[], "flashes"=>{"just_switched"=>true}}:Hash

[GEM_ROOT]/gems/actionpack-3.2.19/lib/action_dispatch/middleware/flash.rb, line 239

It turns out that Rails 4 serialise the flash to the cookie differently to Rails 3. When Rails 3 attempts to deserialise it you get the above error. This error can also occur between Rails 3 and Sinatra apps.

To get around the problem whilst in the migration period we patched the Hash class. This would mean of course that the flash methods wouldn’t work, but as they are only used for minor presentation tweaks that seemed a good compromise.